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 English grammar

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تاريخ التسجيل : 12/07/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: English grammar   السبت يوليو 19, 2008 8:41 pm

English Grammar - Prepositions of time
Preposition Use Examples
in in months in July; in September
year in 1985; in 1999
seasons in summer; in the summer of 69
part of the day in the morning; in the afternoon; in the evening
duration in a minute; in two weeks
at part of the day at night
time of day at 6 o'clock; at midnight
celebrations at Christmas; at Easter
fixed phrases at the same time
on days of the week on Sunday; on Friday
date on the 25th of December*
special holidays on Good Friday; on Easter Sunday; on my birthday
a special part of a day on the morning of September the 11th*
after later than sth. after school
ago how far sth. happened (in the past) 6 years ago
before earlier than sth. before Christmas
between time that separates two points between Monday and Friday
by not later than a special time by Thursday
during through the whole of a period of time during the holidays
for period of time for three weeks
from ... to
from... till/until two points form a period from Monday to Wednesday
from Monday till Wednesday
from Monday until Wednesday
past time of the day 23 minutes past 6 (6:23)
since point of time since Monday
till/until no later than a special time till tomorrow
until tomorrow
to time of the day 23 minutes to 6 (5:37)
up to not more than a special time up to 6 hours a day
within during a period of time within a day

English Grammar - Prepositions of place and direction
Preposition Use Examples
above higher than sth. The picture hangs above my bed.
across from one side to the other side You mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
after one follows the other The cat ran after the dog.
After you.
against directed towards sth. The bird flew against the window.
along in a line; from one point to another They're walking along the beach.
among in a group I like being among people.
around in a circular way We're sitting around the campfire.
behind at the back of Our house is behind the supermarket.
below lower than sth. Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
beside next to Our house is beside the supermarket.
between sth./sb. is on each side Our house is between the supermarket and the school.
by near He lives in the house by the river.
close to near Our house is close to the supermarket.
down from high to low He came down the hill.
from the place where it starts Do you come from Tokyo?
in front of the part that is in the direction it faces Our house is in front of the supermarket.
inside opposite of outside You shouldn't stay inside the castle.
into entering sth. You shouldn't go into the castle.
near close to Our house is near the supermarket.
next to beside Our house is next to the supermarket.
off away from sth. The cat jumped off the roof.
onto moving to a place The cat jumped onto the roof.
opposite on the other side Our house is opposite the supermarket.
out of leaving sth. The cat jumped out of the window.
outside opposite of inside Can you wait outside?
over above sth./sb. The cat jumped over the wall.
past going near sth./sb. Go past the post office.
round in a circle We're sitting round the campfire.
through going from one point to the other point You shouldn't walk through the forest.
to towards sth./sb. I like going to Australia.

Can you come to me?
I've never been to Africa.
towards in the direction of sth. They walk towards the castle.
under below sth. The cat is under the table.
up from low to high He went up the hill.
English Grammar - Prepositions at, in, on
Preposition Examples
in We sit in the room.
I see a house in the picture.
There are trouts in the river.
He lives in Paris.
I found the picture in the paper.
He sits in the corner of the room.
He sits in the back of the car.
We arrive in Madrid.
He gets in the car.
She likes walking in the rain.
My cousin lives in the country.
There are kites in the sky.
He plays in the street. (BE)
She lives in a hotel.
The boys stand in a line.
He is in town.
I have to stay in bed.
The robber is in prison now.
at She sits at the desk.
Open your books at page 10.
The bus stops at Graz.
I stay at my grandmother's.
I stand at the door.
Look at the top of the page.
The car stands at the end of the street.
You mustn't park your car at the front of the school.
Can we meet at the corner of the street?
I met John at a party.
Pat wasn't at home yesterday.
I study economics at university.
The childen are at gandmother's.
He's looking at the park.
He always arrives late at school.
on The map lies on the desk.
The picture is on page 10.
The photo hangs on the wall.
He lives on a farm.
Dresden lies on the river Elbe.
Men's clothes in on the second floor.
He lives on Heligoland.
The shop is on the left.
My friend is on the way to Moscow.
Write this information on the front of the letter.
When she was a little girl people saw unrealistic cowboy films on television.

English Grammar - Personal pronouns, Possessive determiners, Possessive pronouns
Personal pronouns Possessive determiners Possessive pronouns
as subject
(nominative) as object
(accusative and dative)
I me my mine
you you your yours
he him his his
she her her hers
it it its its
we us our ours
you you your yours
they them their theirs
1 2 3 4
We have got some books. The books are for us. These are our books. The books are ours.

English Grammar - Word order in statements (S-V-O)
Subject Verb Object
I play football.
Max reads a book.
We can speak English.
Sue is singing a nice song.


I play football
and
I like table tennis.


The calendar
Months
January April July October
February May August November
March June September December
The date
You write: 1st January
You say : the 1st of January
Days of the week
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

English Grammar - this, that, these, those
singular this that
plural these those
close to the speaker more distant to the speaker (in space or time)
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English grammar
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